We have discussed a
variety of ways for performing simple search. For most searches,
the tips and commands discussed is sufficient to get reasonably
However, there are times when simple search functions
can not provide satisfactory result. In such cases, one should opt
for advanced features provided by all search engines.
Limit the Scope of your Search
Sometimes, we know exactly the word or phrase or event
we want but search engines display too many pages that only confuses
us. In such cases, use limiting factors or filters to narrow down
the scope of your search and cut down all unwanted junk.
Some of the popular filters, usually available in Advanced
version of a search engine are:
Use of this filter drastically cuts down number
of unwanted pages displayed
By specifying preferred place of occurrence of
a word, you may drastically prune number of displayed pages.
Some of the popular options are:
For example, if you wish to restrict your search
for 'World Trade Organization' in title section of a page only,
the search expression in Google will be allintitle: "World Trade
You may specify how old should be the displayed
pages by specifying a time limit, e.g.
- Last three months
- Last six months
- Last One year
- Anytime (default)
4. Exact Phrase
If the search phrase is known, use it in advanced
version to filter out unwanted junk For example, if you are
looking for commercial agents in Sweden, the Gogle search expression
will look like +sweden +"commercial agent"
5. Domain Search
This is very helpful when you know the website you
want to search but aren't sure where the information is located
within that site.
For example, if you are looking for website of Dept
of Chemicals and you know that host for most Govt websites is
National Informatics Center (NIC) - you may search Google with
following search expression:
department of chemicals site: http://www.nic.in
Limit The Format of your Search Result
Sometimes, we want documents in a specified format
only. Most search engines allow us to search for
Adobe Acrobat documents (PDF format)
Microsoft Word Documents (.doc files)
Microsoft Power Point Presentation (.ppt files)
Microsoft Excel file (.xls files) etc.
So, if you are looking for documents on 'Handbook of
Export Import Policy' in PDF format the search expression in Google
will be as follows:
Handbook of Export Import Policy filetype:pdf
There are many such powerful search tools that can significantly
improve your search result and at the same time reduce search time.
Unfortunately, there is little standardization among search engines
and one has to familiarize oneself with search engine specific commands.
- Newsletter on Business Opportunties from India and Abroad
Vol: 3, Issue 16
August 8' 2002
Dr. Amit K. Chatterjee
(Amit worked in blue-chip Indian and MNCs for 15 years in
various capacities like Research and Information Analysis,
Market Development, MIS, R&D Information Systems etc.
before starting his e-commerce venture in 1997. The views
expressed in this columns are of his own. He may be reached