The area of the Republic of Cyprus under government control has a market economy dominated by the service sector, which accounts for four-fifths of GDP. Tourism, financial services, and real estate have traditionally been the most important sectors. Cyprus has been a member of the European Union (EU) since May 2004 and adopted the euro as its national currency in January 2008. During the first five years of EU membership, the Cyprus economy grew at an average rate of about 4%, with unemployment between 2004 and 2008 averaging about 3%. An overextended banking sector with excessive exposure to Greek debt resulted in a contraction in economic growth. Two of Cyprus' biggest banks were among the largest holders of Greek bonds in Europe and had a substantial presence in Greece through bank branches and subsidiaries. Following numerous downgrades of its credit rating, Cyprus lost access to international capital markets in May 2011. The economy contracted by an accumulated 8.2% between 2009 and 2013 and is not expected to return to positive growth before 2015. Unemployment is currently over 17% and expected to reach 19% in 2014. In July 2012, Cyprus became the fifth eurozone government to request an economic bailout program from the European Commission, European Central Bank and the International Monetary Fund - known collectively as the "Troika". Shortly after the election of President Nicos ANASTASIADES in February 2013, Cyprus faced an economic crisis and agreed with the Troika to a $13 billion bailout that included losses on uninsured bank deposits. The bailout triggered a two-week bank closure and the imposition of capital controls, some of which remained in place through 2014. Cyprus' two largest banks merged and the combined entity was recapitalized through conversion of some large bank deposits to shares and imposition of losses on some bank bondholders. The Troika conditioned the bailout on progress in financial and structural reforms and privatization of state-owned enterprises. Cyprus has downsized and restructured its banking sector significantly. Three positive reviews by the Troika since May 2013 indicate that Cyprus’ bailout program is on track with a fourth review scheduled in May 2014. In October 2013, Cyprus completed preliminary appraisal of hydrocarbon deposits in its territorial waters, which revealed less than anticipated natural gas reserves. Additional exploration drilling is likely to continue in 2014-2015.


$21.62 billion (2013 est.)
country comparison to the world: 130
$23.68 billion (2012 est.)
$24.27 billion (2011 est.)

GDP- Real Growth Rate

-8.7% (2013 est.)
country comparison to the world: 220
-2.4% (2012 est.)
0.5% (2011 est.)

GDP - Per Capita

$24,500 (2013 est.)
country comparison to the world: 62
$27,200 (2012 est.)
$28,200 (2011 est.)

GDP - Composition By Sector

agriculture: 2.4%
industry: 15.9%
services: 81.7% (2013 est.)

Population Below Poverty Line


Inflation Rate (Consumer Prices)

0.2% (2013 est.)
country comparison to the world: 9
$NA (2012 est.)

Labor Force

443,500 (2013 est.)
country comparison to the world: 157

Labor Force - By Occupation

agriculture: 8.5%
industry: 20.5%
services: 71% (2006 est.)

Unemployment Rate

17.4% (2013 est.)
country comparison to the world: 153 11.9% (2012 est.)


tourism, food and beverage processing, cement and gypsum, ship repair and refurbishment, textiles, light chemicals, metal products, wood, paper, stone and clay products

Industrial Production Growth

-3.5% (2013 est.)
country comparison to the world: 187