The landlocked Principality of Andorra is one of the smallest states in Europe, nestled high in the Pyrenees between the French and Spanish borders. For 715 years, from 1278 to 1993, Andorrans lived under a unique co-principality, ruled by French and Spanish leaders (from 1607 onward, the French chief of state and the Bishop of Urgell). In 1993, this feudal system was modified with the introduction of a modern, constitution; the co-princes remained as titular heads of state, but the government transformed into a parliamentary democracy. Andorra has become a popular tourist destination visited by approximately ten million people each year drawn by the winter sports, summer climate, and duty-free shopping. Andorra has also become a wealthy international commercial center because of its mature banking sector and low taxes. As part of its effort to modernize its economy, Andorra has opened to foreign investment, and engaged in other reforms, such as advancing tax initiatives aimed at supporting a broader infrastructure. Although not a member of the European Union (EU), Andorra enjoys a special relationship with the EU and uses the euro as its national currency.

Other Information

Natural Resources

hydropower, mineral water, timber, iron ore, lead

Land Use

arable land: 5.32%
permanent crops: 0%
other: 94.68% (2011)


85,458 (July 2014 est.)
country comparison to the world: 201

Ethnic Groups

Spanish 43%, Andorran 33%, Portuguese 11%, French 7%, other 6% (1998)


Roman Catholic (predominant)


Catalan (official), French, Castilian, Portuguese


definition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 100%
male: 100%
female: 100%


Andorra la Vella

Government Type

parliamentary democracy (since March 1993) that retains as its chiefs of state a co-principality; the two princes are the President of France and Bishop of Urgell, whose diocese is located in neighboring Spain; both co-princes maintain offices and represe


1278 (formed under the joint sovereignty of the French Count of Foix and the Spanish Bishop of Urgell)

National Holiday

Our Lady of Meritxell Day, 8 September (1278)