The Australian economy has experienced continuous growth and features low unemployment, contained inflation, very low public debt, and a strong and stable financial system. By 2012, Australia had experienced more than 20 years of continued economic growth, averaging 3.5% a year. Demand for resources and energy from Asia and especially China has grown rapidly, creating a channel for resources investments and growth in commodity exports. The high Australian dollar has hurt the manufacturing sector, while the services sector is the largest part of the Australian economy, accounting for about 70% of GDP and 75% of jobs. Australia was comparatively unaffected by the global financial crisis as the banking system has remained strong and inflation is under control. Australia has benefited from a dramatic surge in its terms of trade in recent years, stemming from rising global commodity prices. Australia is a significant exporter of natural resources, energy, and food. Australia's abundant and diverse natural resources attract high levels of foreign investment and include extensive reserves of coal, iron, copper, gold, natural gas, uranium, and renewable energy sources. A series of major investments, such as the US$40 billion Gorgon Liquid Natural Gas project, will significantly expand the resources sector. Australia is an open market with minimal restrictions on imports of goods and services. The process of opening up has increased productivity, stimulated growth, and made the economy more flexible and dynamic. Australia plays an active role in the World Trade Organization, APEC, the G20, and other trade forums. Australia has bilateral free trade agreements (FTAs) with Chile, Malaysia, New Zealand, Singapore, Thailand, and the US, has a regional FTA with ASEAN and New Zealand, is negotiating agreements with China, India, Indonesia, Japan, and the Republic of Korea, as well as with its Pacific neighbors and the Gulf Cooperation Council countries, and is also working on the Trans-Pacific Partnership Agreement with Brunei Darussalam, Canada, Chile, Malaysia, Mexico, New Zealand, Peru, Singapore, the US, and Vietnam.


$998.3 billion (2013 est.)
country comparison to the world: 18
$974.2 billion (2012 est.)
$939.7 billion (2011 est.)

GDP- Real Growth Rate

2.5% (2013 est.)
country comparison to the world: 131
3.7% (2012 est.)
2.4% (2011 est.)

GDP - Per Capita

$43,000 (2013 est.)
country comparison to the world: 21
$42,500 (2012 est.)
$41,700 (2011 est.)

GDP - Composition By Sector

agriculture: 3.8%
industry: 27.4%
services: 68.7% (2013 est.)

Population Below Poverty Line


Inflation Rate (Consumer Prices)

2.4% (2013 est.)
country comparison to the world: 89
1.8% (2012 est.)

Labor Force

12.44 million (2013 est.)
country comparison to the world: 43

Labor Force - By Occupation

agriculture: 3.6%
industry: 21.1%
services: 75% (2009 est.)

Unemployment Rate

5.7% (2013 est.)
country comparison to the world: 53 5.2% (2012 est.)


mining, industrial and transportation equipment, food processing, chemicals, steel

Industrial Production Growth

3.2% (2013 est.)
country comparison to the world: 91