Czech Republic


The Czech Republic is a stable and prosperous market economy closely integrated with the EU, especially since the country's EU accession in 2004. The auto industry is the largest single industry, and, together with its upstream suppliers, accounts for nearly 24% of Czech manufacturing. The Czech Republic produced more than a million cars for the first time in 2010, over 80% of which were exported. While the conservative, inward-looking Czech financial system has remained relatively healthy, the small, open, export-driven Czech economy remains sensitive to changes in the economic performance of its main export markets, especially Germany. When Western Europe and Germany fell into recession in late 2008, demand for Czech goods plunged, leading to double digit drops in industrial production and exports. As a result, real GDP fell sharply in 2009. The economy slowly recovered in the second half of 2009 and registered weak growth in the next two years. In 2012, however, the economy fell into a recession again, due both to a slump in external demand and to the government’s austerity measures. The country pulled out of recession in the second half of 2013, and most analysts expect modest, but steady, growth through 2014. Foreign and domestic businesses alike voice concerns about corruption, especially in public procurement. Other long term challenges include dealing with a rapidly aging population, funding an unsustainable pension and health care system, and diversifying away from manufacturing and toward a more high-tech, services-based, knowledge economy.


$285.6 billion (2013 est.)
country comparison to the world: 46
$288.2 billion (2012 est.)
$291.1 billion (2011 est.)

GDP- Real Growth Rate

-0.9% (2013 est.)
country comparison to the world: 204
-1% (2012 est.)
1.8% (2011 est.)

GDP - Per Capita

$26,300 (2013 est.)
country comparison to the world: 56
$26,500 (2012 est.)
$28,300 (2011 est.)

GDP - Composition By Sector

agriculture: 2.4%
industry: 37.3%
services: 60.3% (2012 est.)

Population Below Poverty Line

9.8% (2011 est.)

Inflation Rate (Consumer Prices)

1.4% (2013 est.)
country comparison to the world: 39
3.3% (2012 est.)

Labor Force

5.304 million (2013 est.)
country comparison to the world: 71

Labor Force - By Occupation

agriculture: 2.6%
industry: 37.4%
services: 60% (2012)

Unemployment Rate

7.1% (2013 est.)
country comparison to the world: 74 7% (2012 est.)


motor vehicles, metallurgy, machinery and equipment, glass, armaments

Industrial Production Growth

0.5% (2013 est.)
country comparison to the world: 155